You are probably aware that Comcast is the largest home ISP in the U.S. and that they also have many thousands of business users. No wonder they are the target of a sophisticated social engineering attack. You can count on other ISPs soon being attacked the same way, so this is something you need to warn your users about. Here is the triple-threat scam which was discovered by our friends at Malwarebytes:
- Comcast has a search page called Xfininity that serves tons of searches. On this page is a malicious ad (served by Google) from "Sat TV Pro" which claims to compare Direct TV to Comcast TV. The user clicks and gets redirected to a compromised site which has an Exploit Kit (EK) running.
- The EK infects first the workstation with ransomware and then redirects to a fake Xfinity site.
- The fake Xfinity site pops up a message from "Comcast's security plugin" that the workstation is infected (correct, the bad guys just did that!) and that the user needs to call tech support. The toll free number goes to scammers who will try to charge the user's credit card to "fix" the box.
Dang, they get craftier by the month with these "double payloads" where social engineering, exploit kits, and ransomware are combined. If they don't get you one way they will try to get you the other way. This is a good example of cyber crime gangs cooperating and sharing "revenues" because the toll-free scammers are unlikely to be the same guys as the ransomware team. If you want the technical detail, you can see the flow of the scam at the Malwarebytes blog. This particular scam was reported to Google and Comcast, but there will be other scams very similar to this one. The bad guys have whole campaigns stacked up with attacks like this, and it's like whack-a-mole.
So I would send the following out. Feel free to copy/paste/edit this Scam Of The Week and email it to your employees, friends and family.
"More and more, legit-looking advertising served on major websites turns out to be malicious. Bad guys pay for and posts ads that they hope you will click on. But if you click on those ads, you get redirected to a compromised website. That malicious site might infect your computer with ransomware, and/or display popups that claim your PC has a virus and tell you to dial a toll-free number. If you call that number it will be answered by scammers who claim they are Microsoft but will try to charge your credit card to fix your computer. What to do? You need to stay vigilant at all times and "Think Before You Click":
- Don't click on links in emails but go to the website you want to visit using your browser.
- Do not click on display ads on websites but go to the website you want to visit using your browser.
- If you get popups that claim your computer has a virus and you need to dial a toll-free number, close your browser, and if this happens in the office, call the IT helpdesk.
In the office, IT will update your computer with the latest versions of software, but at the house you also need to update your applications to their latest versions. If you don't do that, and you wind up on a compromised website, it will try to install malware on your computer. Remember, both in the office and at the house, you need to "Think Before You Click".
Ransomware infections caused by social engineering can be prevented with effective security awareness training. Find out how affordable that is for your organization and be pleasantly surprised.